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Stochastic modeling of algal bloom dynamics with delayed nutrient recycling

1 College of Science, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology,Shanghai, 200093, China
2 College of Science, Zhongyuan University of Technology,Henan Zhengzhou, 450007, China
3 Department of Mathematics, Swinburne University of Technology,Melbourne, VIC. 3122, Australia
4 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, York University,Toronto, M3J 1P3, Canada

Using the discrete Markov chain, in this paper we develop a stochastic model for algal bloom, in which white noise terms are introduced to describe the e ects of environmental random fluctuations and time delay to account for the time needed in the conversion of detritus into nutrient. For the proposed model, we firstly discuss the well-posedness, namely the existence and uniqueness of the global positive solution. Then, it is followed by seeking the sufficient conditions for the stochastic stability of its washout equilibrium. Then by using Fourier transform method, the spectral densities of the nutrient and the algae population are estimated. Finally, we show that larger noise can make the algae population extinct exponentially with probability one. Our theoretical and numerical results suggest that the environmental random fluctuations may have more significant influences on the dynamics of the model than the delay. These findings are helpful for a better understanding of the formation mechanism of algal blooms.
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Copyright Info: © 2019, Sanling Yuan, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

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