AIMS Mathematics, 2020, 5(5): 4596-4612. doi: 10.3934/math.2020295

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Instability of standing waves for the inhomogeneous Gross-Pitaevskii equation

1 Department of Basic Teaching and Research, Qinghai University, Xining, 810016, China
2 Department of Mathematics, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, 730070, China

In this paper, we consider the instability of standing waves for an inhomogeneous Gross-Pitaevskii equation \[ i\psi_t +\Delta \psi -a^2|x|^2\psi +|x|^{-b}|\psi|^{p}\psi=0. \] This equation arises in the description of nonlinear waves such as propagation of a laser beam in the optical fiber. We firstly proved that there exists $\omega_*>0$ such that for all $\omega>\omega_*$, the standing wave $\psi(t,x)=e^{i\omega t}u_\omega(x)$ is unstable. Then, we deduce that if $\partial_\lambda^2S_\omega(u_\omega^\lambda)|_{\lambda=1}\leq 0$, the ground state standing wave $e^{i\omega t}u_\omega(x)$ is strongly unstable by blow-up, where $u_\omega^\lambda(x)=\lambda^{\frac{N}{2}}u_\omega( \lambda x)$ and $S_\omega$ is the action. This result is a complement to the partial result of Ardila and Dinh (Z. Angew. Math. Phys. 2020), where the strong instability of standing waves has been studied under a different assumption.
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