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Overview of thin film deposition techniques

1 Department of Mechanical Engineering Science, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg 2006, South Africa
2 Department of Chemical, Material and Metallurgical Engineering, Botswana International University of Science and Technology, Palapye, Botswana

Topical Section: Thin films, surfaces and interfaces

Surface properties of the material can affect the efficiency and behavior of the material when in service. Modifying and tuning these surface properties to meet the specific demand for better performance is feasible and has been vastly employed in a different aspect of life. This can be achieved by coating the surface via deposition of the thin film. This study provides a review of the existing literature of different deposition techniques used for surface modification and coating. The two major areas of interest discussed are physical and chemical vapor deposition techniques, and the area of applications of surface coating was briefly highlighted in this report.
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