Export file:

Format

  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text

Content

  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

Conductive polyacrylonitrile/graphite textile coatings

Faculty of Engineering and Mathematics, Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences, 33619 Bielefeld, Germany

Conductive textile coatings are necessary for a broad variety of applications, from textile ECG electrodes to capacitive sensors to transport of energy and data through textile networks. Besides wires which mostly alter the textile haptics in an undesired way and conductive yarns which tend to break or oxidize during washing and wearing, conductive coatings can be used for this purpose. In addition to conductive polymers, such as poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) or polyaniline (PAni) which are known to be photo-degradable, graphite-filled polymers can be used to create conductive areas on textile fabrics. Most commonly, polyurethane is used for this purpose. Here we report on first tests with graphite-filled polyacrylonitrile which has the advantage of not necessitating toxic precursors, opposite to polyurethane. Generally, such polyacrylonitrile (PAN)/graphite coatings can be applied on textile fabrics using the typical doctor blade technique. Washing tests reveal that while the surface is not significantly disturbed in this process, breaking of the filled polymer may occur, suggesting further experiments with additional silicone or other softeners.
  Figure/Table
  Supplementary
  Article Metrics

Keywords polyacrylonitrile; conductive; textile coating; graphite; activated carbon; charcoal

Citation: Dominik Vahle, Robin Böttjer, Kerstin Heyden, Andrea Ehrmann. Conductive polyacrylonitrile/graphite textile coatings. AIMS Materials Science, 2018, 5(3): 551-558. doi: 10.3934/matersci.2018.3.551

References

  • 1. Li D, Xia Y (2004) Electrospinning of nanofibers: reinventing the wheel? Adv Mater 16: 1151–1170.    
  • 2. Subbiah T, Bhat GS, Tock RW, et al. (2005) Electrospinning of nanofibers. J Appl Polym Sci 96: 557–569.    
  • 3. Greiner A, Wendorff JH (2007) Electrospinning: a fascinating method for the preparation of ultrathin fibers. Angew Chem Int Edit 46: 5670–5703.    
  • 4. Grothe T, Wehlage D, Böhm T, et al. (2017) Needleless electrospinning of PAN nanofibre mats. Tekstilec 60: 290–295.    
  • 5. Sabantina L, Mirasol JR, Cordero T, et al. (2018) Investigation of needleless electrospun PAN nanofiber mats. AIP Conf Proc 1952: 020085.    
  • 6. Wehlage D, Böttjer R, Grothe T, et al. (2018) Electrospinning water-soluble/insoluble polymer blends. AIMS Mater Sci 5: 190–200.    
  • 7. Kirstein T, Cottet D, Grzyb J, et al. (2002) Textiles for signal transmission in wearables. Proceedings ACM of First Workshop on Electronic Textiles, San Jose, California.
  • 8. Lesnikowski J (2011) Textile transmission lines in the modern textronic clothes. Fibres Text East Eur 19: 89–93.
  • 9. Locher I, Klemm M, Kirstein T, et al. (2006) Design and characterization of purely textile patch antennas. IEEE T Adv Packaging 29: 777–788.    
  • 10. Hertleer C, Grabowska M, van Langenhove L, et al. (2004) The use of electroconductive textile material for the development of a smart suit. Proceedings of World Textile Conference, 4th Autex Conference, Roubaix.
  • 11. Coosemans J, Hermans B, Puers R (2006) Integrating wireless ECG monitoring in textiles. Sensor Actuat A-Phys 130–131: 48–53.
  • 12. Xu PJ, Zhang H, Tao XM (2008) Textile-structured electrodes for electrocardiogram. Text Prog 40: 183–213.    
  • 13. Aumann S, Trummer S, Brücken A, et al. (2014) Conceptual design of a sensory shirt for fire-fighters. Text Res J 84: 1661–1665.    
  • 14. Meyer J, Arnrich B, Schumm J, et al. (2010) Design and modeling of a textile pressure sensor for sitting posture classification. IEEE Sens J 10: 1391–1398.    
  • 15. Catrysse M, Puers R, Hertleer C, et al. (2004) Towards the integration of textile sensors in a wireless monitoring suit. Sensor Actuat A-Phys 114: 302–311.    
  • 16. Zhang H, Tao X, Yu T, et al. (2006) Conductive knitted fabric as large-strain gauge under high temperature. Sensor Actuat A-Phys 126: 129–140.    
  • 17. Zieba J, Frydrysiak M (2006) Textronics-Electrical and electronic textiles. Sensors for breathing frequency measurement. Fibers Text East Eur 14: 43–48.
  • 18. Ehrmann A, Heimlich F, Brücken A, et al. (2014) Suitability of knitted fabrics as elongation sensors subject to structure, stitch dimension and elongation direction. Text Res J 84: 2006–2012.    
  • 19. Schäl P, Junger IJ, Grimmelsmann N, et al. (2018) Development of graphite-based conductive textile coatings. J Coat Technol Res 15: 1–9.    
  • 20. Shi MJ, Yang C, Song XF, et al. (2017) Stretchable wire-shaped supercapacitors with high energy density for size-adjustable wearable electronics. Chem Eng J 322: 538–545.    
  • 21. Babaahmadi V, Montazer M, Gao W (2017) Low temperature welding of graphene on PET with silver nanoparticles producing higher durable electro-conductive fabric. Carbon 118: 443–451.    
  • 22. Li XT, Hua T, Xu BG (2017) Electromechanical properties of a yarn strain sensor with graphene-sheath/polyurethane-core. Carbon 118: 686–698.    
  • 23. Philips KJ, Ghosh TK (2003) The technology of polypropylene tape yarns: processing and applications. Text Prog 31: 1–53.
  • 24. Molina J (2016) Graphene-based fabrics and their applications: a review. RSC Adv 6: 68261.    
  • 25. Neves AIS, Rodrigues DP, de Sanctis A, et al. (2017) Towards conductive textiles: coating polymeric fibres with graphene. Sci Rep 7: 4250.    
  • 26. Karim N, Afroj S, Tan S, et al. (2017) Scalable production of graphene-based wearable E-textiles. ACS Nano 11: 12266–12275.    
  • 27. Tadesse MG, Loghin C, Chen Y, et al. (2017) Effect of liquid immersion of PEDOT:PSS-coated polyester fabric on surface resistance and wettability. Smart Mater Struct 26: 065016.    
  • 28. Alamer FA (2017) A simple method for fabricating highly electrically conductive cotton fabric without metals or nanoparticles, using PEDOT:PSS. J Alloy Compd 702: 266–273.    
  • 29. Mengal N, Arbab AA, Sahito IA, et al. (2017) An electrocatalytic active lyocell fabric cathode based on cationically functionalized and charcoal decorated graphite composite for quasi-solid state dye sensitized solar cell. Sol Energy 155: 110–120.    
  • 30. De Oliveira CRS, Batistella MA, de Souza SMDAGU, et al. (2017) Development of flexible sensors using knit fabrics with conductive polyaniline coating and graphite electrodes. J Appl Polym Sci 134: 44785.
  • 31. Gidik H, Dupont D, Bedek G (2018) Development of a radiative heat fluxmeter with a textile substrate. Sensor Actuat A-Phys 271: 162–167.    
  • 32. Trummer S, Ehrmann A, Büsgen A (2017) Development of underwear with integrated 12 channel ECG for men and women. Autex Res J 17: 344–349.

 

Reader Comments

your name: *   your email: *  

© 2018 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved