Export file:

Format

  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text

Content

  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

Effect of ZnO nanoparticles on the power conversion efficiency of organic photovoltaic devices synthesized with CuO nanoparticles

Materials Science and Engineering Department, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 3200 North Cramer Street, Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA

Special Issue: Nanomaterials for energy and environmental applications

Polymer solar cells were fabricated with varying amounts of electron transporting ZnO NPs in a buffer layer located over an active layer of P3HT/PCBM incorporating a fixed amount of CuO nanoparticles. The enhanced electronic and optical properties attained by adding ZnO nanoparticles proportionally increased the power conversion efficiency by 32.19% compared to a reference cell without ZnO-NPs buffer layer. ZnO-NPs buffer layer improved the exciton dissociation rate, electron mobility, optical absorption and charge collection at the anode, resulting in higher short circuit current and external quantum efficiency. The short circuit current (Jsc) of the optimum device was measured at 7.620 mA/cm2 compared to 6.480 mA/cm2 in the reference cell with 0.6 mg of CuO nanoparticles. Meanwhile, the external quantum efficiency (EQE) increased from 54.6% to 61.8%, showing an enhancement of 13.18% with the incorporation of ZnO nanoparticle layer.
  Figure/Table
  Supplementary
  Article Metrics

References

1. Dang MT, Hirsch L, Wantz G (2011) Best Seller in Polymer Photovoltaic Research. Adv Mater 23: 3597–3602.

2. Wang PH, Lee HF, Huang YC, et al. (2014) The Proton Dissociation Constant of Additive Effect on Self-Assembly of Poly(3-hexyl-thiophene) for Organic Solar Cells, Electron. Mater Lett 10: 767–773.    

3. Zhang F, Mammo W, Andersson LM, et al. (2006) Low-Bandgap Alternating Fluorene Copolymer/Methanofullerene Heterojunctions in Efficient Near-Infrared Polymer Solar Cells. Adv Mater 18: 2169–2173.    

4. Huang Y, Guo X, Liu F, et al. (2012) Improving the Ordering and Photovoltaic Properties by Extending–Conjugated Area of Electron-Donating Units in Polymers with D-A Structure. Adv Mater 24: 3383–3389.

5. Wang E, Tao L, Wang Z, et al. (2010) An Easily Synthesized Blue Polymer for High-Performance Polymer Solar Cells. Adv Mater 22: 5240–5244.

6. Reese M.O., Nardes A.M., Rupert B.L., et al. (2010) Photoinduced Degradation of Polymer and Polymer–Fullerene Active Layers: Experiment and Theory. Adv Funct Mater 20: 3476–3483.

7. He Z, Mei Z, Su S, et al. (2012) Enhanced power-conversion efficiency in polymer solar cells using an inverted device structure. Nature Photon 6: 591–595.

8. Shao S, Liu J, Zhang B, et al. (2011) Enhanced stability of zinc oxide-based hybrid polymer solar cells by manipulating ultraviolet light distribution in the active layer. Appl Phys Lett 98: 203304–203307.

9. Huang J, Yin Z, Zheng Q (2011) Applications of ZnO in organic and hybrid solar cells. Energy Environ Sci 4: 3861–3877.    

10. Lin Y-Y, Chu T-H, Li S-S, et al. (2009) Interfacial Nanostructuring on the Performance of Polymer/TiO2 Nanorod Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells. J Am Chem Soc 131: 3644–3649.

11. Sekine N, Chou CH, Kwan WL, et al. (2009) ZnO nano-ridge structure and its application in inverted polymer solar cell. Org Electron 10: 1473–1477.    

12. Oh SA, Heo SJ, Yang JS, et al. (2013) Effects of ZnO Nanoparticles on P3HT:PCBM Organic Solar Cells with DMF-Modulated PEDOT:PSS Buffer Layers. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 5: 11530–11534.    

13. Wu Z, Song T, Xia Z, et al. (2013) Enhanced performance of polymer solar cell with ZnO nanoparticle electron transporting layer passivated by in situ cross-linked three-dimensional polymer network. Nanotechnology 24: 484012.

14. Zhu F, Chen X, Lu Z, et al. (2014) Efficiency Enhancement of Inverted Polymer Solar Cells Using Ionic Liquid-functionalized Carbon Nanoparticles-modified ZnO as Electron Selective Layer. Nano-Micro Lett 6: 24–29.

15. Gao HL, Zhang XG, Meng JH, et al. (2015) Enhanced efficiency in polymer solar cells via hydrogen plasma treatment of ZnO electron transport layers. J Mater Chem A 3: 3719–3725.    

16. Iwan A, Palewicz M, Tazbir I, et al. (2016) Influence of ZnO:Al, MoO3 and PEDOT:PSS on efficiency in standard and inverted polymer solar cells based on polyazomethine and poly(3-hexylthiophene). Electrochimica Acta 191: 784–794.    

17. Wanninayake A, Gunashekar S, Li S, et al. (2015) Performance enhancement of polymer solar cells using copper oxide nanoparticles. Semicond Sci Technol 30: 064004.

18. Wanninayake AP, Gunashekar S, Li S, et al. (2015) CuO Nanoparticles Based Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells: Investigations on Morphology and Performance. J Sol Energy Eng 137: 031016.

19. Kidowaki H, Oku T, Akiyama T (2012) Fabrication and characterization of CuO/ZnO solar cells. J Phys Conf Ser 352: 012022.

20. Ikram M, Murrayc R, Imran M, et al. (2016) Enhanced performance of P3HT/ (PCBM: ZnO: TiO2) blend based hybrid organic solar cells. Mater Res Bull 75: 35–40.    

21. Ikram M, Murray R, Hussain A, et al. (2014) Hybrid organic solar cells using both ZnO and PCBM as electron acceptor materials. Mater Sci Eng B 189: 64–69.    

22. Qian L, Yang J, Zhou R, et al. (2011) Hybrid polymer-CdSe solar cells with a ZnO nanoparticle buffer layer for improved efficiency and lifetime. J Mater Chem 21: 3814–3817.    

23. Wang M, Wang X (2008) P3HT-ZnO bulk-heterojunction solar cell sensitized by a perylene derivative. Sol Energy Mater Sol Cells 92: 766–771.    

24. Beek WJE, Wienk MM, Janssen RAJ (2006) Hybrid Solar Cells from Regioregular Polythiophene and ZnO Nanoparticles. Adv Funct Mater 16: 1112–1116.    

25. Ochiai S, Kumar P, Santhakumar K, et al. (2013) Examining the Effect of Additives and Thicknesses of Hole Transport Layer for Efficient Organic Solar Cell Devices. Electron Mater Lett 9: 399–403.

26. Kim JY, Kim SH, Lee HH, et al. (2006) New Architecture for High-Efficiency Polymer Photovoltaic Cells Using Solution-Based Titanium Oxide as an Optical Spacer. Adv Mater 18: 572–576.    

27. Roest L, Kelly JJ, Vanmaekelbergh D, et al. (2002) Staircase in the Electron Mobility of a ZnO Quantum Dot Assembly due to Shell Filling. Phys Rev Lett 89: 036801.

28. Ikram M, Ali S, Murray R, et al. (2015) Influence of fullerene derivative replacement with TiO2nanoparticles in organic bulk heterojunction solar cells. Curr Appl Phys 15: 48–54.    

29. Djara V, Bernède J (2005) Effect of the interface morphology on the fill factor of plastic solar cells. Thin Solid Films 493: 273–277.    

30. Oo T, Mathews N, Tam T, et al. (2010) Investigation of photophysical, morphological and photovoltaic behavior of poly (p-phenylene vinylene) based polymer/oligomer blends. Thin Solid Films 518: 5292–5299.    

31. Ji CH, Oh IS, Oh SY (2015) Improving the performance of organic solar cells using an electron transport layer of B4PyMPM self-assembled nanostructures. Electron Mater Lett 11: 795–800.

32. Shahini A, Abbasian K (2012) Charge carriers and excitons transport in an organic solar cell-theory and simulation. Electron Mater Lett 8: 435–443.    

Copyright Info: © 2016, Nidal Abu-Zahra, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Article outline

Show full outline
Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved