AIMS Geosciences, 2020, 6(1): 54-70. doi: 10.3934/geosci.2020005

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Pseudo-3D electrical resistivity tomography imaging of subsurface structure of a sinkhole—A case study in Greene County, Missouri

1 Department of Mining & Geological Engineering, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA
2 Department of Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409, USA

Conventional 2D electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) data were acquired along 16 parallel traverses spaced at 6.1 m (20 ft) intervals across a karst sinkhole site in Greene County Missouri. The acquired ERT data were processed as both 2D data and pseudo-3D data. Based on the correlation with the available core hole control, multichannel analysis of surface waves (MASW) data and field observations, it is concluded that the subsurface structure of the sinkhole is more reliably imaged on the pseudo-3D dataset than in the 2D dataset. The interpretation results of the pseudo-3D ERT indicated that the sinkhole developed at the intersection of three vertical solution-widened joint sets.
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