Export file:

Format

  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text

Content

  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

Coupled Inverse Fluidized Bed Bioreactor with Advanced Oxidation Processes for Treatment of Vinasse

1 ESIQIE, Instituto Politécnico Nacional. U.P. Adolfo López Mateos, C.P. 07738, México.
2 Facultad de Ingeniería, UNAM-DEPFI, C.P. 62550, Morelos, México.
3 Division of Hydrologic Sciences. Desert Research Institute. 755, Las Vegas, NV, USA.

Special Issue: Water for an increasing population in a changing climate

Vinasse is the wastewater generated from ethanol distillation; it is characterized by high levels of organic and inorganic matter, high exit temperature, dissolved salts and low pH. In this work the treatment of undiluted vinasse was achieved using sequentially-coupled biological and advanced oxidation processes. The initial characterization of vinasse showed a high Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD, 32 kg m-3), high Total Organic Carbon (TOC, 24.5 kg m-3) and low pH (2.5). The first stage of the biological treatment of the vinasse was carried out in an inverse fluidized bed bioreactor with a microbial consortium using polypropylene as support material. The fluidized bed bioreactor was kept at a constant temperature (37 ± 1ºC) and pH (6.0 ± 0.5) for 90 days. After the biological process, the vinasse was continuously fed to the photoreactor using a peristaltic pump 2.8 × 10-3 kg of FeSO4•7H2O were added to the vinasse and allowed to dissolve in the dark for five minutes; after this time, 15.3 m3 of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) (30% w/w) were added, and subsequently, the UV radiation was allowed to reach the photoreactor to treat the effluent for 3600 s at pH = 3. Results showed that the maximum organic matter removed using the biological process, measured as COD, was 80% after 90 days. Additionally, 88% of COD removal was achieved using the photo-assisted Fenton oxidation. The overall COD removal after the sequentially-coupled processes reached a value as low as 0.194 kg m-3, achieving over 99% of COD removal as well as complete TOC removal.
  Figure/Table
  Supplementary
  Article Metrics

Keywords vinasse treatment; fluidized bed bioreactor; advanced oxidation process; Chemical Oxygen Demand; ethanol distillation

Citation: Karla E. Campos Díaz, José L. Álvarez Cruz, Miriam L. Lira Rodríguez, Erick R. Bandala. Coupled Inverse Fluidized Bed Bioreactor with Advanced Oxidation Processes for Treatment of Vinasse. AIMS Geosciences, 2017, 3(4): 538-551. doi: 10.3934/geosci.2017.4.538

References

  • 1. Heredia de JB, Domínguez JR, Partido E (2005) Physico-chemical treatment for the depuration of wine distillery wastewaters (vinasses). Water Sci Technol 51: 159-166.
  • 2. Nandy T, Shastry S, Kaul S (2002) Wastewater management in a cane molasses distillery involving bioresource recovery. J Environ Mana 65: 25-38.
  • 3. Jiranuntipon S, Chareonpornwattana S, Damronglerd S, et al. (2007) Decolorization of synthetic melanoidins-containing wastewater by a bacterial consortium. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 35: 1313-1321.
  • 4. Carvajal ZO, Nolasco HC, Barradas DDM, et al. Treatment of vinasse from tequila production using polyglutamic acid. J Environ Manag 95: 566-570.
  • 5. Conde PB, Martín RJA, García GR, et al. (2009) Impacts caused by the addition of wine vinasse on some chemical and mineralogical properties of a Luvisol and a Vertisol in La Mancha. J Soil Sediment 9: 121-128.    
  • 6. Sales D, Valcárcel M, Martínez E, et al. (1987) A depurative process for wine distilleries wastes. Process Biochem 22: 64-66.
  • 7. López LA, Davila VG, León BE (2010) Tequila vinasses: generation and full scale treatment processes. Rev Environ Sci Biotechnol 9: 109-116.    
  • 8. Coca M, Peña M, González G (2005) Variables affecting efficiency of molasses fermentation wasterwater ozonation. Chemosphere 60: 1408-1415.    
  • 9. Jiménez AM, Borja R, Martín A (2005) Mathematical modeling of aerobic degradation of vinasses with Penicillium decumbens. Process Biochem 40: 2805-2811.    
  • 10. Espinosa EFM, Pelayo OC, Navarro CJ, et al. (2009) Anaerobic digestion of the vinasses from the fermentation of Agave tequilana Weber to tequila: The effect of pH, temperature and hydraulic retention time on the production of hydrogen and methane. Biomass Bioenergy 32: 14-20.
  • 11. Mukherjee AK, Mishra BK, Ran VK (2009) Application of liquid/solid fluidization technique in beneficiation of fines. Int J Miner Process 1-2: 67-73.
  • 12. Campos DKE, Bandala GER, Limas BR (2012) Fluid bed porosity mathematical model for an inverse fluidized bed bioreactor with particles growing biofilm. J Environ Mana 104: 62-66.    
  • 13. Bimal D, Uma PG, Sudip PG (2010) Inverse fluidization using non-newtonian liquids. Chem Eng Process: Process Intensif 49: 1169-1175.    
  • 14. Garcia BD, Buffière P, Elmaleh S, et al. (1998a) Application of the down-flow fluidized bed to the anaerobic treatment of wine distillery wastewater. Water Sci Technol 38: 393-399.
  • 15. Garcia CD, Buffiere P, Moletta R, et al. (1998b) Anaerobic digestion of wine distillery wastewater in down-flow fluidized bed. Water Res 38: 3593-3600.
  • 16. Ormand MP, Mosteo R, Ibarz C, et al. (2006) Multivariate approach to the photo-Fenton process applied to the degradation of winery wastewaters. Appl Catal B 66: 58-63.    
  • 17. Zayas T, Romero V, Salgado L, et al. (2007) Applicability of coagulation/flocculation and electrochemical processes to the purification of biologically treated vinasse effluent. Sep Purif Technol 57: 270-276.    
  • 18. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater, method 5220 D, (1998) American Public Health Association (APHA). 20th ed. Washington, DC. USA. 5-17.
  • 19. Goi A, Trapido M (2002) Hydrogen peroxide photolysis, Fenton reagent and photo-Fenton for the degradation of nitrophenols: a comparative study. Chemosphere 46: 913-922.    
  • 20. NOM-ECOL-001-1997. Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales Normas Mexicanas, Dirección General de Normas, México.
  • 21. Arnaiz C, Elmaleh S, Lebrato J, et al. (2005) Start up of an anaerobic inverse turbulent bed reactor fed with wine distillery wastewater using pre-colonised bioparticles. Water Sci Technol 51: 153-158.
  • 22. Alvarado LA, Rustrián E, García AMA (2008) Brewery wastewater treatment using anaerobic inverse fluidized bed reactors. Bioresour Technol 99: 3009-3015.    
  • 23. Isaza JLV, Rodríguez RDC, Machuca MF (2011) Estudio exploratorio en el tratamiento de vinazas mediante fotocatálisis solar homogénea en un reactor de película descendente. Bistua: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Básicas 9: 48-54.
  • 24. Abdul AH, Lias S, Ordin AM, et al. (2006) Colour removal from landfill leachate by coagulation and flocculation processes. Bioresour Technol 98: 218-220.

 

Reader Comments

your name: *   your email: *  

Copyright Info: © 2017, Karla E. Campos Díaz, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved