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Fluorescence detection of Zinc oxide nanoparticles in water contamination analysis based on surface reactivity with porphyrin

Ottawa-Carleton Chemistry Institute, Department of Chemistry, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON K1S 5B6, Canada

Special Issue: Water Security and Sustainability

A simple rapid analytical method for determining the concentration of ZnO nanoparticles in aqueous dispersion has been developed by adding porphyrin (TCPP) as a fluorophore into the water sample for fluorescence analysis. Quenching of the emission intensity at 650 nm provides a Stern-Volmer plot with adequate sensitivity for the detection of ZnO nanoparticles from 0.15 mg/mL up to 1.5 mg/mL. A new emission peak at 605 nm can be attributed to the formation of a unique ZnO-TCPP complex. This unique emission peak is good for both identification and quantitation of ZnO nanoparticles at low concentrations down to 0.0015 mg/mL. The new method affords a linear dynamic range up to 1.2 mg/mL.
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Keywords fluorescence; nanoparticles; porphyrin; quenching; Stern-Volmer; water contamination analysis; zinc oxide

Citation: Wenyu Zhang, Edward P.C. Lai. Fluorescence detection of Zinc oxide nanoparticles in water contamination analysis based on surface reactivity with porphyrin. AIMS Environmental Science, 2018, 5(2): 67-77. doi: 10.3934/environsci.2018.2.67

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