Research article

Experimental study on characteristics of the test engine fueled by biodiesel based Jatropha oil and traditional diesel

  • Received: 25 March 2020 Accepted: 29 October 2020 Published: 04 November 2020
  • In this study, oil was converted to biodiesel via transesterification reaction under the presence of CaO at the laboratory. This aims to evaluate and compare the influence of Jatropha oil with commercial diesel (CD) fuel on the engine operating characteristics. Secondly, this study is to compare engine performance and temperature characteristics of cooling water and lubricant oil under various engine operating conditions of the test engine fueled by Jatropha oil and CD. The results indicated that the engine torque of the engine running with Jatropha oil dropped from 0.2 kW to 0.3 kW at all speeds and its brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) increased at almost every speed due to the low heating value and high viscosity of the Jatropha fuel. The BTEs of the engines fuelled with Jatropha oil was 0.3%, 1.0%, 0.6%, 0.7%, 1.1%, 1.6%, and 1.0% smaller than the BTEs of the engine when varied speed from 1000 rpm to 2200 rpm. However, the difference was trivial. Also, Jatropha oil contributed to reducing the oil temperature of lubricant and cooling water.

    Citation: Nang Xuan Ho, Hoa Binh Pham, Vinh Nguyen Duy. Experimental study on characteristics of the test engine fueled by biodiesel based Jatropha oil and traditional diesel[J]. AIMS Energy, 2020, 8(6): 1143-1155. doi: 10.3934/energy.2020.6.1143

    Related Papers:

  • In this study, oil was converted to biodiesel via transesterification reaction under the presence of CaO at the laboratory. This aims to evaluate and compare the influence of Jatropha oil with commercial diesel (CD) fuel on the engine operating characteristics. Secondly, this study is to compare engine performance and temperature characteristics of cooling water and lubricant oil under various engine operating conditions of the test engine fueled by Jatropha oil and CD. The results indicated that the engine torque of the engine running with Jatropha oil dropped from 0.2 kW to 0.3 kW at all speeds and its brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) increased at almost every speed due to the low heating value and high viscosity of the Jatropha fuel. The BTEs of the engines fuelled with Jatropha oil was 0.3%, 1.0%, 0.6%, 0.7%, 1.1%, 1.6%, and 1.0% smaller than the BTEs of the engine when varied speed from 1000 rpm to 2200 rpm. However, the difference was trivial. Also, Jatropha oil contributed to reducing the oil temperature of lubricant and cooling water.


    加载中


    [1] Dinh T, Nguyen K, Pham T, et al. (2020) Study on performance enhancement and emission reduction of used carburetor motorcycles fueled by flex-fuel gasoline-ethanol blends. J Chinese Inst Eng 00: 1-12.
    [2] Rajasekar E, Murugesan A, Subramanian R, et al. (2010) Review of NOx reduction technologies in CI engines fuelled with oxygenated biomass fuels. Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev 14: 2113-2121.
    [3] Altin R, Ç etinkaya S, Yücesu HS (2001) Potential of using vegetable oil fuels as fuel for diesel engines. Energy Convers Manage 42: 529-538.
    [4] Fukuda H, Kondo A, Noda H (2001) Biodiesel fuel production by transesterification of oils. J Biosci Bioeng 92: 405-416.
    [5] Sayin C, Canakci M (2009) Effects of injection timing on the engine performance and exhaust emissions of a dual-fuel diesel engine. Energy Convers Manage 50: 203-213.
    [6] Han X, You K, Tan J, et al. (2010) Characteristics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons emissions of diesel engine fueled with biodiesel and diesel. Fuel 89: 2040-2046.
    [7] Kannan GR, Karvembu R, Anand R (2011) Effect of metal based additive on performance emission and combustion characteristics of diesel engine fuelled with biodiesel. Appl Energy 88: 3694-3703.
    [8] Macor A, Avella F, Faedo D (2011) Effects of 30% v/v biodiesel/diesel fuel blend on regulated and unregulated pollutant emissions from diesel engines. Appl Energy 88: 4989-5001.
    [9] Muralidharan K, Vasudevan D (2011) Performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a variable compression ratio engine using methyl esters of waste cooking oil and diesel blends. Appl Energy 88: 3959-3968.
    [10] Duc KN, Tien HN, Duy VN (2018) A Study of Operating Characteristics of Old-Generation Diesel Engines Retrofitted with Turbochargers. Arab J Sci Eng 43: 4443-4452.
    [11] Qi DH, Geng LM, Chen H, et al. (2009) Combustion and performance evaluation of a diesel engine fueled with biodiesel produced from soybean crude oil. Renewable Energy 34: 2706-2713.
    [12] Huang J, Wang Y, Qin J, et al. (2010) Comparative study of performance and emissions of a diesel engine using Chinese pistache and jatropha biodiesel. Fuel Process Technol 91: 1761-1767.
    [13] Meng X, Chen G, Wang Y (2008) Biodiesel production from waste cooking oil via alkali catalyst and its engine test. Fuel Process Technol 89: 851-857.
    [14] Manigandan S, Atabani AE, Kumar V, et al. (2020) Effect of hydrogen and multiwall carbon nanotubes blends on combustion performance and emission of diesel engine using Taguchi approach. Fuel 276: 118120.
    [15] Manigandan S, Atabani AE, Kumar V, et al. (2020) Impact of additives in Jet-A fuel blends on combustion, emission and exergetic analysis using a micro-gas turbine engine. Fuel 276: 118104.
    [16] Necati A, Canakci M, Turkcan A, et al. (2009) Performance and combustion characteristics of a DI diesel engine fueled with waste palm oil and canola oil methyl esters. Fuel 88: 629-636.
    [17] Abu-Jrai A, Yamin JA, Al-Muhtaseb, et al. (2011) Combustion characteristics and engine emissions of a diesel engine fueled with diesel and treated waste cooking oil blends. Chem Eng J 172: 129-136.
    [18] An H, Yang WM, Maghbouli A, et al. (2013) Performance, combustion and emission characteristics of biodiesel derived from waste cooking oils. Appl Energy 112: 493-499.
    [19] Buyukkaya E (2010) Effects of biodiesel on a di diesel engine performance, emission and combustion characteristics. Fuel 89: 3099-3105.
    [20] Cavalcanti EJC, Carvalho M, Ochoa AAV (2019) Exergoeconomic and exergoenvironmental comparison of diesel-biodiesel blends in a direct injection engine at variable loads. Energy Convers Manage 183: 450-461.
    [21] Sun C, Liu Y, Qiao X, et al. (2020) Experimental study of effects of exhaust gas recirculation on combustion, performance, and emissions of DME-biodiesel fueled engine. Energy 197: 117233.
    [22] Novaes TLCC, Henríquez JR, Ochoa AAV (2019) Numerical simulation of the performance of a diesel cycle operating with diesel-biodiesel mixtures. Energy Convers Manage 180: 990-1000.
    [23] Akintayo ET (2004) Characteristics and composition of Parkia biglobbossa and Jatropha curcas oils and cakes. Bioresour Technol 92: 307-310.
    [24] Achten WMJ, Verchot L, Franken YJ, et al. (2008) Jatropha bio-diesel production and use. Biomass Bioenergy 32: 1063-1084.
    [25] Ceasar SA, Ignacimuthu S (2011) Applications of biotechnology and biochemical engineering for the improvement of Jatropha and Biodiesel: A review. Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev 15: 5176-5185.
    [26] Wardana ING (2010) Combustion characteristics of jatropha oil droplet at various oil temperatures. Fuel 89: 659-664.
    [27] Muniyappa PR, Brammer SC, Noureddini H (1996) Improved conversion of plant oils and animal fats into biodiesel and co-product. Bioresour Technol 56: 19-24.
    [28] Agarwal AK, Dhar A (2009) Performance, emission and combustion characteristics of Jatropha oil blends in a direct injection CI engine. SAE Tech Pap.
    [29] Özkan M, Ergenç AT, Deniz O (2005) Experimental performance analysis of biodiesel, traditional diesel and biodiesel with glycerine. Turkish J Eng Environ Sci 29: 89-94.
    [30] Silitonga AS, Hassan MH, Ong HC, et al. (2017) Analysis of the performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a turbocharged diesel engine fuelled with Jatropha curcas biodiesel-diesel blends using kernel-based extreme learning machine. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24: 25383-25405.
    [31] Sidibe S, Blin J, Daho T, et al. (2020) Comparative study of three ways of using Jatropha curcas vegetable oil in a direct injection diesel engine. Sci African 7: e00290.
    [32] Hanumantha Rao YVH, Voleti RS, Hariharan VS, et al. (2009) Use of jatropha oil methyl ester and its blends as an alternative fuel in diesel engine. J Brazilian Soc Mech Sci Eng 31: 253-260.
    [33] Paul G, Datta A, Mandal BK (2014) An experimental and numerical investigation of the performance, combustion and emission characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with jatropha biodiesel. Energy Procedia 54: 455-467.
    [34] De B, Panua RS (2014) An experimental study on performance and emission characteristics of vegetable oil blends with diesel in a direct injection variable compression ignition engine. Procedia Eng 90: 431-438.
    [35] Rathore Y, Ramchandani D, Pandey RK (2019) Experimental investigation of performance characteristics of compression-ignition engine with biodiesel blends of Jatropha oil & coconut oil at fixed compression ratio. Heliyon 5: e02717.
  • Reader Comments
  • © 2020 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Metrics

Article views(345) PDF downloads(17) Cited by(0)

Article outline

Figures and Tables

Figures(6)  /  Tables(2)

Other Articles By Authors

/

DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
Return
Return

Catalog