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Analysis of national Jatropha biodiesel programme in Senegal

1 ENDA—Energy, Environment, Development (GNESD Member Centre), 54, Rue Carnot, P.O. Box 3370, Dakar, Senegal (the author worked with ENDA at the time this study was undertaken).
2 Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development (GNESD), UNEP DTU Partnership, UN City Campus, Denmark Technical University, DTU Management Engineering, Marmorvej 51, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark

Topical Section: Energy Policy and Economics

Growing Jatropha curcas for energy applications has been established through several initiatives in Senegal. The government of Senegal launched the National Jatropha Programme (NJP) in 2006 with the goal of planting 321,000 ha of Jatropha curcas, with an average of 1000 hectares (ha) in each rural locality. This paper reviews existing policies with relevance to Jatropha curcas L production in Senegal. It assesses the NJP implementation, identifies potential gaps and provides recommendations with regards to planning, institutional management, regulation, and implementation. The potential of Jatropha and other biodiesel crop options, based on findings from an agro-environmental mapping exercise have been shown. Findings show that prior policies in agricultural and energy sectors had been instrumental in developing the NJP. It highlights significant challenges in the value chain, the implementation of NJP and on the importance of using empirical assessment of evidence to inform on the biodiesel crop type compared to a focus on only one crop, Jatropha. Agro-environmental mapping was identified as useful technique prior to biodiesel cultivation. The work reported here indicates Jatropha having the largest suitability of land areas equating to almost thirty times (30) the original estimations in the NJP followed by Pongamia and sunflower with 6,796,000 ha and 5,298,900 ha respectively. Recommendations are provided suggesting, scientifically sound analysis from agro-environmental mapping to inform on the suitability of areas for Jatropha cultivation and on environmentally, socially and culturally sensitive areas. Policy options have been suggested for environmentally benigned sustained biodiesel activities in Senegal.
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Keywords National Jatropha Programme; Biodiesel; Agro-environmental mapping; Senegal

Citation: Touria Dafrallah, Emmanuel Kofi Ackom. Analysis of national Jatropha biodiesel programme in Senegal. AIMS Energy, 2016, 4(4): 589-605. doi: 10.3934/energy.2016.4.589

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Copyright Info: 2016, Emmanuel Kofi Ackom, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

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