Research article

Effect of Moringa oleifera seeds powder on performance and immunity of broiler chicks

  • Received: 18 August 2020 Accepted: 27 October 2020 Published: 12 November 2020
  • This study aims to investigate the effect of feeding different dietary levels of Moringa oleifera seeds powder (MOSP) and phytase (500 FTY/kg diet) on some productive performance, immune response, and blood constituentsof broiler chicks. A total of 240, 1-day old unsexed Cobb 500 chicks were individually weighed and randomly were distributed into 6 equal groups. Each group had 40 birds in 5 replicates of 8 chicks. Groups were allocated to different six experimental diets; 1- A control basal, 2- A control plus phytase enzyme, 3- A control plus 0.75% MOSP, 4- A control plus 0.75% MOSP and phytase, 5- A control plus 1% MOSP and 6- A control plus 1% MOSP with phytase). The growth trial lasted for 38 days. The results show that birds fed MOSP at 0.75% with phytase had significantly the highest values of live body weight gain, lowest feed intake and best feed conversion ratio. Blood serum of total cholesterol and LDL were lower in chicken fed 0.75% MOSP (with and without) enzyme compared to the control and the other dietary levels of MOSP. Values of AST were lower in broilers fed MOSP at 0.75% with enzyme and those at 1% without enzyme, compared to control and other dietary treatments. However, no significant differences were observed in the ALT values between dietary treatments. A better antibody titer against Newcastle disease and immune response was observed in broilers received MOSP at 0.75% with phytase supplementation. It could be concluded that using MOSP at 0.75% gave better values of growth, immune organs, blood constituents, and the general health of broilers.

    Citation: Osama A.F. Abdel Wahab, Hassan M. Sobhy, Azza M. M. Badr, Abdallah A. Ghazalah. Effect of Moringa oleifera seeds powder on performance and immunity of broiler chicks[J]. AIMS Agriculture and Food, 2020, 5(4): 896-910. doi: 10.3934/agrfood.2020.4.896

    Related Papers:

  • This study aims to investigate the effect of feeding different dietary levels of Moringa oleifera seeds powder (MOSP) and phytase (500 FTY/kg diet) on some productive performance, immune response, and blood constituentsof broiler chicks. A total of 240, 1-day old unsexed Cobb 500 chicks were individually weighed and randomly were distributed into 6 equal groups. Each group had 40 birds in 5 replicates of 8 chicks. Groups were allocated to different six experimental diets; 1- A control basal, 2- A control plus phytase enzyme, 3- A control plus 0.75% MOSP, 4- A control plus 0.75% MOSP and phytase, 5- A control plus 1% MOSP and 6- A control plus 1% MOSP with phytase). The growth trial lasted for 38 days. The results show that birds fed MOSP at 0.75% with phytase had significantly the highest values of live body weight gain, lowest feed intake and best feed conversion ratio. Blood serum of total cholesterol and LDL were lower in chicken fed 0.75% MOSP (with and without) enzyme compared to the control and the other dietary levels of MOSP. Values of AST were lower in broilers fed MOSP at 0.75% with enzyme and those at 1% without enzyme, compared to control and other dietary treatments. However, no significant differences were observed in the ALT values between dietary treatments. A better antibody titer against Newcastle disease and immune response was observed in broilers received MOSP at 0.75% with phytase supplementation. It could be concluded that using MOSP at 0.75% gave better values of growth, immune organs, blood constituents, and the general health of broilers.


    加载中


    [1] Makkar HPS, Becker K (1999) Plant toxins and detoxification methods to improve feed quality of tropical seeds reviewAsian-Australian. AJAS 12: 467-480.
    [2] Compaore WR, Nikiema PA, Bassole HIN (2011) Chemical composition and antioxidative properties of seeds of moringa oleifera and pulps of parkiabiglobosa and adansonia digitata commonly used in food fortification in burkinafaso. Curr Res J Biol Sci 3: 64-72.
    [3] Abbas TE (2013) The use of Moringa oleifera seeds in poultry diet. Turk J Vet Anim Sci 37: 492-496.
    [4] Ferreira PMP, Farias DF, Oliveira JTA, et al. (2008) Moringa oleifera: bioactive compounds and nutritional potential. Rev. Nutr 21: 431-437.
    [5] Anwar F, Rashid U (2007) Physico-chemical characteristics of moringa oleifera seeds and seed oil from a wild provenance of pakistan. Pak J Bot 39: 1443-1453.
    [6] Abbas TE, Ahmed ME (2012) Use of moringa oleifera seeds in broilers diet and its effects on the performance and carcass characteristics. Int J Appl Poult Res 1: 1-4.
    [7] Ochi EB, Elbushra ME, Fatur M, et al. (2015) Effect of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam) seeds on the performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens. J Nat Sci Res 5: 66-73.
    [8] Qwele K, Muchenje V, Oyedemi SO, et al. (2013) Effect of dietary mixtures of moringa (Moringa oleifera) leaves, broiler finisher and crushed maize on anti-oxidative potential and physicochemical characteristics of breast meat from broilers. Afr J Biotechnol 12: 290-298.
    [9] Ghebremichael KA, Gunaratna KR, Henriksson H, et al. (2005) A simple purification and activity assay of the coagulant protein from moringa oleifera seed. Water Res 39: 2338-2344.
    [10] Jamil A, Shahid M, Khan MM, et al. (2007) Screening of some medicinal plants for isolation of antifungal proteins and peptides. Pak J Bot 39: 211-221.
    [11] Gaia S (2005) Wonder tree 100 facts moringa fact 04 exceptional animal feed moringa as livestock feed & pet food. Moringa mission trust. Available from: http://gaiathelivingplanet.blogspot.com/2005/06/wondertree-100-facts-moringa-fact-04.html.
    [12] Walter A, Samuel W, Peter A, et al. (2011) Antibacterial activity of Moringa oleifera and Moringa stenopetala methanol and n-hexane seed extracts on bacteria implicated in water borne diseases. Afri J Microbiol Res 5: 153-157.
    [13] Yang RY, Chang LC, Hsu JC, et al. (2006) Nutritional and functional properties of moringa leaves−from germplasm, to plant, to food, to health. Moringa and other highly nutritious plant resources: Strategies, standards and markets for a better impact on nutrition in Africa. Accra, Ghana. 1-9.
    [14] Chollom SC, Agada GOA, Gotep JG, et al. (2012) Investigation of aqueous extract of Moringa oleifera lam seed for antiviral activity against Newcastle disease virus in ovo. J Med Plants Res 6: 3870-3875.
    [15] Broiler performance and nutrition supplement (2018) Available from: https://cobbstorage.blob.core.windows.net/guides/5a171aa0-6994-11e8-9f14-bdc382f8d47e.
    [16] AOAC (1990) (Association of official analytical chemists): animal feed. Official methods of analysis; arlington 4th edition.
    [17] AOAC (2012) Official methods of analysis of the AOAC International No. 994.12. 19th chapter 4, 18-19, official journal of the European Communities 19.9.98, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA.
    [18] AOAC (2005) (Association of official analytical chemists): animal feed. Official methods of analysis; arlington 16th edition.
    [19] Allan WH, Gough RE (1974) A standard hemagglutination inhibition test for Newcastle disease. A comparison of marcro and micro methods. Vet Rec 95: 120-123.
    [20] SAS (1990) Statistical analysis system, users guide statistics, as, institute Cary, North Carolina, USA.
    [21] Duncan DB (1955) Multiple range and multiple F tests. International Biometric Society. Biometrics 11: 1-42.
    [22] Francis G, Makkar H, Becker K (2012) Products from little researched plants as aquaculture feed ingredients. Agrippa-FAO online journal. Available from: http:www.fao.org/Agrippa.
    [23] EI-Massry FHM, Mossa MEM, Youssef SM et al. (2013) Moringa oleifera plant "value and utilization in food processing". Egypt J Agric Res 91: 1597-1609.
    [24] Mousa MAM, Riry FHS, Kout Elkloub M, et al. (2016) Effect of using germinated Moringa oleifera seeds on japans quail growth performance. Egypt Poult Sci 36: 561-571.
    [25] Toye AA, Sola-Ojo FE, Olaniyan OM, et al. (2013) Nutrigenetic effect of Moringa oleifera seed meal on the biological growth programme of young broiler chickens. Agrosearch 13: 149-163.
    [26] Fahey JW, Zakmann AT, Talalay P (2001) The chemical diversity and distribution of glucosinolates and isothiocyanaes among plants. Phytochemistry 56: 5-51.
    [27] Molepo LS (2014) Effect of moringa seed meal supplementation on productivity and carcass characteristics of ross 308 broiler chickens. Thesis (MSC. Agriculture (Animal Production)) University of Limpopo. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10386/1363.
    [28] Akouango F, Ngokaka C, Ewomango P, et al. (2010) Caractérisation morphométrique et reproductive des taureaux et vaches N'Dama du congo. Anim Genet Resour 46: 41-47.
    [29] Rocha JSR, Lara LJC, Baiao NC, et al. (2010) Antioxidant properties of vitamins in nutrition of broiler breeders and laying hens. World's Poult Sci J 66: 261-270.
    [30] Diallo A, Eklu-Gadegkeku K, Mobio T, et al. (2009) Protective effect of moringa oleifera lam. and lanneakerstingii extracts against cadmium and ethanol-induced lipid peroxidation. J Pharmacol Toxicol 4: 160-166.
    [31] Dong XF, Gao WW, Tong JM, et al. (2007) Effect of polysavone (alfalfa extract) on abdominal fat deposition and immunity in broiler chickens. Poult Sci 86: 1955-1959.
    [32] Cazaban C, Gardin Y (2012) Part 1: Bursa of fabricius is a visual indicator. Poultry World online. Available from: https://www.poultryworld.net/Broilers/Health/2011/12/Part-1-Bursa-of-Fabricius-is-a-visual-indicator-WP009780W/.
    [33] Genovese LL, Lowry VK, Genovese KJ, et al. (2000) Longevity of augmented phagocytic activity of heterophils in neonatal chickens following administration of salmonella enteritidis-immune lymphokines to chickens. Avian Pathol 29: 117-122.
    [34] Kogut MH, Pishko EJ, Kaspers B, et al. (2001) Modulation of functional activities of chicken heterophils by recombinant chicken IFN-γ. J Interferon Cytokine Res 21: 85-92.
    [35] Maxwell MH, Robertson GW (1998) The avian heterophil leucocyte: a review. World's Poult Sci J 54: 155-178.
    [36] Norata GD, Pirillo A, Catapano, AL (2006) Modified HDL. Biological and physiopathological consequences., Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 16: 371-386.
    [37] Szabo A, Mezes M, Horn P, et al. (2005) Developmental dynamics of some blood biochemical parameters in the growing turkey (Meleagris Gallopavo). Acta Vet Hung 53: 397-409.
    [38] Almeida JG, Vieira SL, Gallo BB, et al. (2006) Period of incubation and posthatching holding time influence on broiler performance. Braz J Poult Sci 8: 153-158.
    [39] Orlewick MS, Vovchuk E (2012) Alanine aminotransferase online. Available from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2087247-overview.
    [40] Eze DC, Okwor EC, Okoye JOA, et al. (2013) Immunologic effects of moringa oleifera methanolic leaf extract in chickens infected with Newcastle disease virus (kudu 113) strain. Afr J Pharm Pharmacol 7: 2231-2237.
    [41] Yang RY, Tsou SC, Lee TC, et al. (2006) Moringa, a novel plant rich in antioxidant, bio-available iron and nutrients. ACS Symposium Series. American Chemical Society. 925: 224-239.
    [42] Du PL, Lin PH, Yang RY, et al. (2007) Effects of dietary supplementation of moringa oleifera on growth performance, blood characteristics and immune response in broilers. J Chin Soc Anim Sci 36: 135-146.
  • Reader Comments
  • © 2020 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Metrics

Article views(276) PDF downloads(29) Cited by(0)

Article outline

Figures and Tables

Tables(7)

/

DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
Return
Return

Catalog