Research article

Examining the factors that influence firm performance in Ghana: a GMM and OLS approach

  • Received: 27 July 2020 Accepted: 27 September 2020 Published: 30 September 2020
  • JEL Codes: C23, M40, L25

  • This research aims to establish the determinants of firm performance in 15 non-financial Ghanaian companies listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange, over a period of 10 years (2008–2017). The analysis is based on two methods of estimation; two-step system generalized method of moments (GMM) and ordinary least square (OLS) method. The new empirical evidence derived from the results of the analysis reveals that firm size (SIZE), growth (GR) and cash flow ratio (CFR), significantly and positively determines firm's performance whereas debt to equity (DE) exerted negative influence on firm performance. Robustness test conducted using the three-stage least-squares regression, indicates similar results with the main findings of the study. These results imply that, firms that rely on debt to execute its operations run at a higher risk of insolvency.

    Citation: Regina Naa Amua Dodoo, Michael Appiah, Daniel Tetteh Donkor. Examining the factors that influence firm performance in Ghana: a GMM and OLS approach[J]. National Accounting Review, 2020, 2(3): 309-323. doi: 10.3934/NAR.2020018

    Related Papers:

  • This research aims to establish the determinants of firm performance in 15 non-financial Ghanaian companies listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange, over a period of 10 years (2008–2017). The analysis is based on two methods of estimation; two-step system generalized method of moments (GMM) and ordinary least square (OLS) method. The new empirical evidence derived from the results of the analysis reveals that firm size (SIZE), growth (GR) and cash flow ratio (CFR), significantly and positively determines firm's performance whereas debt to equity (DE) exerted negative influence on firm performance. Robustness test conducted using the three-stage least-squares regression, indicates similar results with the main findings of the study. These results imply that, firms that rely on debt to execute its operations run at a higher risk of insolvency.
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    © 2020 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)
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